History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive

It’s unlikely that there is a single federal alphabet organization less popular among the readership of this website than the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. These are the people who gave us both the Siege at Ruby Ridge and the Siege of Waco. What’s more, they may well be engaged in an entirely unconstitutional exercise: monitoring and patrolling the gun ownership of law-abiding citizens.

There’s also a solid case to be made that the ATF is a rogue organization, the most corrupt of the federal alphabet agencies. This can be seen through a number of scandals beginning with Ruby Ridge, threading through the siege at Mount Carmel in Waco, and continuing to the notorious “Fast and Furious” scandal.

While firearms owners, weapons enthusiasts and Second Amendment advocates might have a special bone to pick with the ATF, we believe that all freedom-loving Americans should be concerned about the overreach, lawlessness and lack of accountability in this organization. Roman poet Juvenal once posed an important (and famous) question about powerful justice officers: “Quis custodiet ipsos custodies?” – Who is to guard the guardians?

All told, there are over 20,000 firearms laws and regulations on the books at the state and federal level. Many of these contradict each other or are written with a lot of room for interpretation. Gun owners and gun dealers are easy prey for a corrupt and lawless federal agency that wants to twist its arms outside the bounds of the law.

It’s also worth considering what overreach and lack of accountability other federal organizations are responsible for that we don’t know about, simply because they do not have the same spotlight on them as the ATF – a reminder that the scandals mentioned above are just the ones that we know about.

We recommend reading this article in concert with our other articles on the ATF: Waco, Ruby Ridge and Fast and Furious. Each of these contains familiar tropes with regard to the ATF: Entrapment, “lost” evidence, a total lack of accountability, aggressive policing tactics where discretion would probably have saved lives, and a vengeful manner of doing business.

The Pre-History of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms

The ATF’s genesis lies all the way back in 1886, as a part of the Department of Treasury. Then it was known as the Revenue Laboratory within the Bureau of Internal Revenue. The pre-history of the ATF can then be traced through the Bureau of Prohibition, itself a branch of the Bureau of Internal Revenue formed in 1920. The Bureau of Prohibition was then spun off as an independent agency under the umbrella of the Treasury Department in 1927, before becoming a part of the Justice Department in 1930, and eventually merged into the FBI briefly in 1933.

In December 1933, Prohibition was repealed and the Prohibition Bureau became the Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU) of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. In 1942, they were also tasked with enforcing federal firearms laws, which were scant at the time to say the least – remember that fully automatic machine guns were legal until 1986.

In the early 1950s, the Bureau of Internal Revenue became the Internal Revenue Service that we all know and love today. As part of this reorganization of federal alphabet agencies, the Alcohol Tax Unit was tasked with collecting tobacco taxes as well, and became known as the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division (ATTD).

It was with the 1968 Gun Control Act that the agency became the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Division of the IRS, and also received some jurisdiction over bombings and arson. In 1972, it became a fully independent bureau of the Treasury Department – the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (B.A.T.F). It was here that the Bureau became tasked more with enforcement of the law around firearms than it did about collecting taxes on tobacco and alcohol.

A Long History of Abuse and Corruption in the ATF

The ATF had a bad reputation long before the events of Ruby Ridge and Waco. They were subject to Congressional hearings in the late 70s and early 80s, because their methods for securing a case were considered overzealous. Evidence at the hearings was presented by American citizens who had been charged, experts who had closely studied the Bureau, and internal officials from the Bureau. The Senate sub-committee investigating declared:

“Based upon these hearings, it is apparent that ATF enforcement tactics made possible by current federal firearms laws are constitutionally, legally, and practically reprehensible.”

The ATF was considered especially harmful because they often targeted people who not only didn’t know they were doing anything wrong, but had absolutely no malicious intent at all. Their efforts focused on gun collectors rather than stopping street crime. Indeed, the same investigation found that 75 percent of all ATF prosecutions were targeted at people who had no knowledge that they were breaking the law and had no intent to do anything criminal.

The Firearms Owners Protection Act of 1986 (FOPA) was squarely aimed at reducing the abuses of the Bureau. Nothing less than a complete overhaul of the 1968 Gun Control Act, FOPA allowed for increased interstate sales of long arms, shipping ammunition through the U.S. mail, ended record keeping requirements on most forms of ammunition, and protected the transportation of otherwise illegal firearms across state lines (“safe passage”).

This is also the act that largely prohibited the ownership of fully automatic machine guns by civilians, so it certainly wasn’t perfect.

Ruby Ridge and Waco

Following FOPA in 1986, the next big chapters in ATF history are the sieges at Ruby Ridge in 1992 and Waco in 1993. These events lead directly to the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995.

The Siege at Ruby Ridge

In 1992, Ruby Ridge, Idaho, was the site of an 11-day standoff between the ATF and Randy Weaver – who had been entrapped by the ATF into violating the law regarding the barrel length of a shotgun. They attempted to coerce him into becoming a snitch inside the Aryan Nations (which, as it turned out, was basically an organization entirely full of snitches). When he refused, the ATF moved forward with prosecution.

There was a series of bureaucratic SNAFUs that led to Weaver not knowing what his court date was, missing it, and then deciding not to show up at all out of the very legitimate fear that he would not get a fair shake. So the Marshal Service came in, guns blazing in tactical gear, and did what the feds are perhaps best known for: They shot Weaver’s dog. Unfortunately, it went further than that. They also shot his 14-year-old son Sammy in the back and his wife through a door while she held their infant child.

Patriots descended onto the scene and 11 days later, Weaver came out. He was tried and acquitted of all charges except for failure to appear.

The Siege at Waco

The next year, the ATF had a similar situation in Waco, Texas, where they were investigating a religious group known as the Branch Davidians. Here, the ATF (according to many accounts) was more interested in performing for television cameras than they were in enforcing the law. They used aggressive policing tactics against a group of people who had not been convicted of – or even formally charged with – any crime. The final result was a 51-day siege, at the end of which 82 Branch Davidians (including women and children) were gunned down or burned to death.

Each of these events were directly cited by Timothy McVeigh as radicalizing for him on his road to attacking the federal building at Oklahoma City, stating:

“I chose to bomb a federal building because such an action served more purposes than other options. Foremost the bombing was a retaliatory strike; a counter attack for the cumulative raids (and subsequent violence and damage) that federal agents had participated in over the preceding years (including, but not limited to, Waco). From the formation of such units as the FBI’s Hostage Rescue and other assault teams amongst federal agencies during the 80s, culminating in the Waco incident, federal actions grew increasingly militaristic and violent, to the point where at Waco, our government – like the Chinese – was deploying tanks against its own citizens.”

Expanded Powers Post-9/11

Unsurprisingly, the ATF was rewarded for its indiscretions with broader police powers post-9/11, when any three-letter alphabet agency was basically given carte blanche to run roughshod over the civil rights of American citizens. This included an expanded jurisdiction over fuels used in amateur rocketry.

It’s worth briefly noting that the ATF (actually the BATFE, as their agents are quick to tell anyone who will listen) has a bit of a chip on its shoulder because there is a perception that the agency is made up of FBI rejects. The ATF tends to not cooperate with the FBI, something people hoped would end when the ATF was moved from Treasury to Justice. But the so-called “battle of the badges” continues. Each wants to investigate terrorist attacks involving explosives, and there are no clear federal guidelines about which gets which.

Continue reading History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive at Ammo.com.


I ain’t sayin nothing bad about em, they got too many pics of me. :rofl:


The FBI ,NSA, IRS and CIA are worse. I knew an ATF agent and he was ok, he was dating my ex girlfriends mom, I use to tell him his woman is hot and I want to date her next. Then he would tell me he killed people for less. Went drinking and shooting with him later on in life, good dude. He claimed the ATF and DEA were the Cowboys of federal agents but the FBI was in on everything even if thier name wasnt on the paperwork. He also referred to them as “pencil necks with CPAs, no street smarts and empty ball sacks” …ATF in general are ABC thugs though just on a lower level. Only LE I try to like is local law enforcement such as the City PD and the Sherriffs department. They tend to be more like us ,imo.


They Suck like most other agencies…they can delete my pics if they want…


The existence of the ATF is unconstitutional in my opinion. It violates the separation of powers. The Congress doesn’t want to make laws the way they were designed to be made. You know, arguing in the House and Senate and getting majority approval from both and finally signed by the President. So they create an agency with “rules” and that agency decides, interprets, and executes its rules. Its an incestual mix of Legislative and Executive powers, and sometimes even Judicial. They should not exist.


No sir I’m afraid I have to disagree with you. It was Janet Reno and Bill Clinton that gave us Waco. There is enough substantive evidence to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the FBI and ATF went there with the specific intent and instructions to start a war with them and demonize EVERY militia group in these United States. When that failed they went to plan B and the Murrah building got blown up. funny thing about that the FBI office was empty except for their WXYZ filing cabinet which just happen to still be in that office in that building on that day…what a coincidence. (hint Waco…W,X,Y,Z). Also while the country was in an uproar over McVeigh (who did not actually destroy the building) everybody forgot about the OU Lawton seismograph that showed two events that morning ten seconds apart, with the first one documented by several external sources as the Ammonium Nitrate bomb. The second LARGER event was never identified except that it coincided with the testimony of several on scene saying they heard a second loud blast. This was never investigated. Thirdly the blast center of the nitrate bomb was 3/4 of the way down the building towards the north west corner of it. The nursery and the site of the destroyed reinforced concrete and steel pillar, similar to the one in the WTC that withstood a nitrate bomb in that building that was 3 feet from a similar support that barely cracked the outer concrete on it, was at the south east end of the building. Finally there were reports from seasoned war correspondents in local stations of the discovery of a laws rocket launcher about two blocks from the building. This report disappeared after the first broadcast. I know this because I heard the first broadcast and know for a fact that it was never aired again. Also how was it that FEMA, which had just been started was able to load their equipment, and gather their personnel and be on site from DC to OKC in an hour! Some people may not remember all that but I DO! Waco was a direct attack on a group of people who held beliefs that the Clintons thought were dangerous and 83 of them died for it. David Koresh went jogging EVERY MORNING at 9am. If this had really been about getting him in jail they would have picked him up on one of his morning jogs.

DSA/dnc IS the greatest enemy of the USA in the world…next to the scotus!!! And they will prove it in November!


The same people were praying they would get a chance to kill the Bundy’s also…too much media put a kink in the plan and the Bundy’s did not fall into the plan like the Traitors thought they would and look how it turned out…


I’d a been mad if’s they croaked off kelly.


I’m sure the G-man monitoring me must wonder why I look up ammo for six hours a day but never order any.


As much as Uncle Sam leads the media around on a leash, they do turn around to bite him at times. This may ultimately benefit us – they know if they responded to a righteous uprising with overwhelming force they’d wind up looking like villains. The media couldn’t help but publish photos of the devastation.